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What is Net Neutrality in simple terms

Net neutrality is the principle that data packets on the Internet should be moved without any partiality, without any regard to content on web, destination or source. Net neutrality may be sometimes referred to as the "First rule of the Internet."

In India currently there is no partiality with data packets over the network, But telecom operators are making plans to remove net neutrality from india.

In the United States, Super fast speed Internet service providers (ISPs), including AT&T laboratories, IBM, Time Warner and Verizon, have ask for support for a two-tiered Internet service model. In this model, providers would be charging content providers a premium(Nominal) fee for priority placement and comparitively faster speed across their pipes. Users of the two-tiered model pointed out that a tiered business model already exists: consumers  are already having a choice of using a slower dial-up service or paying a premium price for comparitively faster speed over cable or DSL and Internet service providers(ISPs) already prioritize traffic for quality of service (QoS). For them quality of service is important as it should be, But there must be other alternatives also.

Although no country is in charge of regulating the Internet, the United States (FCC) has considerable influences over there. In 2010-11, the FCC increased od extended Data carrier network rules to ISP's ie. Internet Service Providers, They required them to offer fair and equal access to the Internet across the country for all content, as long as the content is legal and valid.

The FCC's 2010-11 ruling held broadband and Fibre optics providers to the same standards as telecom carriers in the United States(USA), which have to offer equal and non partial access telephone lines.Early in 2014 January ,However, at that time a Court of Appeals ruled that the FCC did'nt have the authority to change carrier network rules to ISPs and people then began to speculate about whether or not the FCC would use its strength to reapply Internet service as a tele- communications service.

Proponents of reapplication believed it was a simple and effective solution that would provide the FCC the power to legally and effectively enforce common carrier rules and hence, Net neutrality. Opponents started pointing out that if the FCC reapplication Internet service as a telecommunications service,then it would essentially turn out the Internet in the United States of america (USA) into a utility and give there government power and strength to regulate the Internet.

In February of 2015, the FCC did indeed reclassify high-speed(Broad Band) Internet service as a telecommunications service under Title 2 of the Telecommunications Act. The reclassification makes hig speed broadband Internet in the United States(USA) a regulated utility, subject to the same regulations and rules as land line phones service, water and electricity(light). Opponents however said that they  are planning to challenge the FCC's authority in court because the market and not the government, should determine the future and application of the Internet.

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